Sign the Petition to Let Us Pay Taxes
Your guide to making money in the multi-billion dollar marijuana industry
Major Studies of Drugs and Drug Policy
The Wickersham Commission Report on Alcohol Prohibition - 1930

VIII

SUMMARY OF FOREIGN SYSTEMS

1. Systems of [email protected] and Regulation, .7nuch as obtained with us

JoTinerly.

Great Britain has gone furthest in this direction having stringent provisions for licensing, stringent closing regulations and regulations as to the hours at whicfi liquor may be sold. Progress has been made toward reducing the number - blic houses and bring-

e!) of Pu The chief di culty

in(y about better conditions in such places. ffi

in Great Britain today seems to be with respect to clubs. For whatever reason, whether bad economic conditions, high prices, education for temperance, or restrictions as to the hours of sale, or all of these thimrs, the consumption of spirits has fallen off about half, and the consumption of beer has considerably decreased. By 1928 arrests for drunkenness had fallen to 29.6 iper cent of what they were before 1914. But it is difficult to determine how far the British system of liquor control has been a decisive factor. This is the more doubtful because in France, where there are few restrictions, high prices and the rise of beer drinking have led to a falling off in wine drinking. Also, in Germany there has been a sharp decline both as to di!iiilled liquor and beer, in which the cutting off of sale of spirits on pay-days can hardly have been much of a factor. Italy

has been he number of licenses. Denmark reg-

ulates in h taxes on spirituous liquors. This

seems to decline in the consumption of such

liquors t( t was formerly. In Belgium, during

the present year a national commission has been investigating the results of the alcohol restriction law. A local option system has been adopted in Chile, and regulation of the stronger liquors has gone forward in a number of Latin-American countries. Poland and Esthonia also now have systems of local option.

2. Systenm of Importation, Distribution, and Sale by Government

AgenCie8

Systems of this type are in force in Canada, except for Prince Ed-ward Island. Each province has its own system, but in each there is some form of controlled sale by government stores, with local option, and prohibition of private importation of distilled liquors from one province to another. Ontario has the strictest law, providing that spirits may be bought only by permit and then only in limited quantities and only for consumption in the buyer's home. Permits to purchase are required also in British Columbia, Manitoba and Alberta. Quebec does not require such permits, but limits the

(74)

e d as piri bee es i

amounts of spirits procurable at any one purchase. The effect of this s stem of government sales is in controversy. The official figures of tKe Dominion Bureau of Statistics, Department of Trade aild Commerce indicate that the total consumption of spirits in the Dominion as a whole reached its peak in 1921 and then-fell to a low point in 1925, since which time there has been a steady increase, although the 1929 figures are still less than half of the figures for 1921.

In Russia, distilled liquor is now permitted to be sold in restricted quantities at special government stores.

3. Systew of Manufaeture, Importation, and Sale by a Corporation

or Corporati6wns organized for that Purpose, under Control of the Government, and Regulation by a Commission adapted to Conditions as they Arise.

This is the Swedish System. Under that system Government controlled private corporations have a monopoly of distribution and sale. A central corporation is the wholesale distributor, and retail selling is committed to local corporations. The general government chooses a majority of the directors of the central corporation, and

the local overnments have the same control over the su Isidiary local selling corporations. A national board of control has general power over regulations. There is local option, but anyone who has the proper permit mav brinLy in liquors for his own use where local sales are forbidden. [email protected]@es may be made only by holders of permits (called motboks), the granting of which is strictly regulated. There are also strict regulations as to the serving of wines and spirits in cafes and restaurants. Beer of low alcoholic content may be made and sold freely. Norway now has a less complete and thorough system of local corporations of this general type.

4. Absolute Prohibition

Finland has prohibition except for beer of low alcoholic content, and has also a government monopoly of making and importing of liquors and alcohol for medicinal, scientific, industrial and religiou-S purposes. Some years ago a government commission made a report upo:@ the situation in that country which called attention to a very considerable development of smuggling, a three-fold increase in arrests for drunkenness, and a more than two-fold increase in crime. Only part of the latter was considered to have followed from the re . e f prohibition, and the Commission reported that the increase g1m 0

in drunkenness would have been worse under the older system.

Library Highlights

Major Studies:
Schaffer Library of Drug Policy
Major Studies of Drug and Drug Policy
Marihuana, A Signal of Misunderstanding - The Report of the US National Commission on Marihuana and Drug Abuse
Licit and Illicit Drugs

History:
Historical Research
Short History of the Marijuana Laws
The Drug Hang-Up
Congressional Transcripts of the Hearings for the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937
Government Publications
Frequently Asked Questions About Drugs
Basic Facts About the Drug War
Charts and Graphs about Drugs

Other References:
Medical Marijuana
Information on Alcohol
Guide to Heroin - Frequently Asked Questions About Heroin
Cocaine
LSD, Mescaline, and Psychedelics
Drugs and Driving
Children and Drugs
Drug Abuse Treatment Resource List
American Society for Action on Pain
Let Us Pay Taxes
Marijuana Business News
Reefer Madness Collection
Medical Marijuana Throughout History
Drug Legalization Debate
Legal History of American Marijuana Prohibition
Marijuana, the First 12,000 Years
DEA Ruling on Medical Marijuana
Legal References on Drugs
GAO Documents on Drugs
Response to the Drug Enforcement Agency

Drug Information Articles


Taking a drug test:
How To Pass A Drug Test
Beat Drug Test
Pass Drug Test
Drug Screening Tests

Drug resources:
Drug Abuse
Drug Addiction
Drug Rehab
Drug Rehabilitation
Drug Addiction Treatment
Drug Treatment
Medical Marijuana
Hemp Clothes

Prescription information:
Discount Ambien
Discount Celebrex
Discount Cialis
Discount Drugs
Discount Percocet
Discount Phentermine
Discount Prozac
Discount Ultram
Discount Valium
Discount Viagra
Discount Xanax
Order Ambien
Order Cialis
Order Phentermine
Order Valium
Order Xanax
Buy Cialis
Buy Phentermine
Buy Ultram
Buy Valium
Buy Valium
Buy Viagra
Buy Xanax
Cheap Allegra
Cheap Ambien
Cheap Celebrex
Cheap Celexa
Cheap Cialis
Cheap Crestor
Cheap Levitra
Cheap Morphine
Cheap Phentermine
Cheap Ultram
Cheap Valium
Cheap Viagra
Cheap Viagra
Cheap Xanax

Drug Rehab